In last week’s blog ‘Writers, why do we do it’, I promised to get back to my review of blogs whose advice and ideas I think are worth reading. For me this is with the idea of doing some meaningful marketing for my books. Something I admit I have neglected with the all too predictable result. Anyway, the revision of my latest book ‘Bleak’, is taking a little longer than anticipated so I haven’t had the time.
However, while pushing that lawn mower that led to last week’s blog it also got me thinking about all the advice I found or was given in my early writing days, some of which was real gold and some of which wasn’t, or was misleading, or needed to be taken with a serious pinch of salt. So, this is my opinion on some of that advice I have been given/found. As with most advice though I recommend thinking about it before slavishly implementing. This week I’m going to look at, to me, is ‘gold’.
OK, I say you always think carefully about any advice given, because, like shoes, one size does not fit all. But, if there are any ‘rules’ or ‘tips’ I would suggest you need a very good reason not to implement then these must be amongst them:
1) The majority of dialogue can be covered with the word ‘said’. Some times when you see lots of ‘said’ on a page it looks repetitive, but when you read it (as it is meant to be read) the brain takes it for granted and if the dialogue is right it knows how those words have been said. I read a book recently where there were lots of ‘!’ and everyone was ‘shouting’ (or they ‘shouted’) ‘shouting loudly’ (double trouble – see below. Also I thought all shouting was loud?), or ‘exclaiming’ or ‘bawling’ etc. Anyway in most cases ‘said’ would have been enough. I knew from the context and/or the words how they were being said. My brain would have done the work. Somehow all the ‘shouting’ was a distraction from what was being said.
2) Adverbs – keep them to a minimum. You can’t cut them out altogether, but you can live without most of them. As above I don’t need ‘shouting loudly’ or ‘creeping slowly’. I gave up on one book because there were so many adverbs (sometimes two or three a sentence). They are pernicious, they creep in, but when you see one just ask what would happen if you took it out, or could you write that in a better way. Sometimes it’s just lazy writing. Find something with lots of adverbs in it and try it.
3) As with adverbs, adjectives need to be treated with respect. Yes, unlike most adverbs, you do need them. But it is easy to overdo it. In my writing group we’ve been challenged to writer a short piece of poetry without using adjectives. What it means is you have to think of descriptions. Get it right and the piece becomes more active with the greater use of verbs
4) Clichés – avoid them like the plague. As with adverbs they find their way in without you knowing it. They go straight from brain to fingers without passing through any form of pre-edit. It is of course acceptable for your characters to use them, after all its how we speak. However, as a science fiction author and I guess anyone who is not writing in the present, you still have to be careful. Clichés are very much ‘of the day’. I have found modern clichés used out of their time and they stand out, well, like a sore thumb.
5) Beware the ‘smoking gun’. Or another way to put it is: watch out for the ‘rabbit out of a hat’ ending. What I mean is that if you are going to produce a key item / event / person at the end of the book to tie everything together you have to introduce it early on i.e. the gun appears in a beside draw. OK you don’t want to make whatever it is, or he or she is, obvious in its relationship to the ending, but you can’t produce it/them out of nowhere at the end. For me, as my books often take unexpected turns as I’m writing them, I have to go back and add pointers / set them up earlier in the book.
These are things that I keep in my head all the time when writing. I know they are not original, just important. If you’ve read Elmore Leonard’s ten rules of writing or Stephen King’s book on writing (if you haven’t I recommend you do – see writers resources) you’ll recognise some of the above. The clichés one is a pet hate of someone in my writing group (and they do find their way in). Next time, unless I have finished that revision and gone back to trolling through other blogs, I’ll look at those pieces of advice that I perhaps once took to heart, but have since been questioning.
If you have any writing rules you live by, let me know.